Further Reading & Resources for National Day of Truth & Reconciliation

On September 30th, this day of remembrance, we honour all the missing and stolen children who were forced to attend Canada's residential school system.


We have come together as staff of NorthernStar to read and discuss the Truth & Reconciliation Commission of Canada's 94 Calls to Action. This is part of the initial steps we are taking to address racial equity & decolonization at the milk bank. We recognize that the residential school system had devastating effects on Indigenous peoples, and that the effects and ongoing racism are still present today.


Below is the link to the 94 Calls to Action as well as further reading, films, Indigenous authors, and information.


Read the 94 Calls to Action from the Truth & Reconciliation Committee:

(10 pages of reading)


What Are the Truth & Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action & How Are We Working Toward Achieving Them Today?

Summary & explanation of the history & impact of residential schools in Canada, and the 94 Calls to Action


Indigenous Works National Day for Truth & Reconciliation Taking Action Tip Sheet


Read the 1864 Indian Act

(mentioned in the 94 Calls to Action)


Read the 1864 Indian Act Plain Language Summary


Read the Bagot Commission Report

(mentioned in the 94 Calls to Action)

A study on how to exert colonial control and eradicate the Indigenous population. It proposed separating Indigenous children from their families to more successfully assimilate them, and pointed to the Mohawk Institute as a model for future schools


Watch "Where the Spirit Lives"

A 1989 CBC Film about Aboriginal children in Canada being taken from their tribes to attend residential schools for assimilation into majority culture.


Watch “We Were the Children”

In this emotional film, the profound impact of the Canadian government's residential school system is shown through the eyes of two children who were forced to endure unimaginable hardships.


Watch Indigenous Cinema


48 books by Indigenous writers to read to understand residential schools


The Sixties Scoop


Read Phyllis’ story – the original orange shirt


The Witness Blanket

Inspired by a woven blanket, the Witness Blanket is a large-scale work of art. It contains hundreds of items reclaimed from residential schools, churches, government buildings and traditional and cultural structures from across Canada. Here, you can explore the items and stories carried by the Witness Blanket. They are accompanied by the voices of Survivors who talk about the experience of being forced into residential schools. Their generous and insightful stories convey the reality of anti-Indigenous racism, colonialism and genocide. They reveal the ongoing harms caused by Canada’s residential school system.


They Came for the Children

This report, published by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, deals with the history, purpose, operation, and supervision of the residential school system, the effect and consequences of the system, and its ongoing legacy.


Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery – Assembly of First Nations


Read the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)









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